Ayurveda or Ayurveda medicine is a system of medicine with historical roots in the Indian subcontinent. Globalized and modernized practices derived from Ayurveda traditions are a type of complementary or alternative medicine. In the Western world, Ayurveda therapies and practices have been integrated in general wellness applications and in some cases in medical use.
The main classical Ayurveda texts begin with accounts of the transmission of medical knowledge from the Gods to sages, and then to human physicians. In Sushruta Samhita (Sushruta’s Compendium), Sushruta wrote that Dhanvantari, Hindu god of Ayurveda, incarnated himself as a king of Varanasi and taught medicine to a group of physicians, including Sushruta. Ayurveda therapies have varied and evolved over more than two millennia. Therapies are typically based on complex herbal compounds, minerals and metal substances (perhaps under the influence of early Indian alchemy or rasa shastra). Ancient Ayurveda texts also taught surgical techniques, including rhinoplasty, kidney stone extractions, sutures, and the extraction of foreign objects.
Although laboratory experiments suggest it is possible that some substances used in Ayurveda might be developed into effective treatments, there is no evidence that any are effective as currently practiced. Ayurveda medicine is considered pseudoscientific. Other researchers consider it a protoscience, or trans-science system instead.
According to Ayurveda, emotions are closely linked to personality and its various traits. It uses the trait theory of personality, stating that traits are observable patterns of behaviour, thought and emotion that can be measured objectively.
. Ayurveda characterizes wellbeing as a condition of physical, mental, social and otherworldly prosperity and depends on the hypothesis of Panchamahabhoota (the five essential components – Space, Air, Fire, Water and Earth) and Tridoshas (three organic humors – Vata, Pitta and Kapha) which are available in every single cell of the body alongside psyche and soul. The harmony of doshas is called wellbeing and unevenness (Vikriti) is called sickness (Ashtanga Hridaya, Sutra Sthana 1). Together these three doshas decide the physiological adjust and constitution of the person which is called as Prakriti in Ayurveda. Each individual has every one of the three doshas (physical humors – vata, pitta, kapha) and trigunas (mental qualities – Satwa, Rajas, Tamas) in various extents. Be that as it may, contingent on the power of the five essential components, three doshas and mental qualities in sperm (Shukra) and ovum (Shonita) at the season of origination, the individual prakriti is chosen. Prakriti is additionally depicted to be impacted by maternal components including the intra-uterine condition, nourishment and regimen adjusted by the mother amid pregnancy (Matur Ahara Vihara). This essential constitution which is settled at the season of preparation for the most part stays steady for the duration of the life of that person. Ayurveda has additionally clarified the nourishment and way of life according to singular constitution including the elements which irritate and mollify doshas (Vimana Sthana 1/21-25, Charaka Samhita, 2003).
To outline, Prakriti, subsequently alludes to hereditarily decided physical and mental constitution of a person. Each individual has his/her own particular novel constitution which decides the natural capacities, reaction to ecological variables, drugs and furthermore weakness to ailments making it one of the most punctual known ideas of preventive and customized pharmaceutical. The information of prakriti and the capacity to subgroup people in light of their overwhelming prakriti, in Ayurveda arrangement of medicinal services, along these lines, is one of its imperative and exceptional strengths and basic instruments. This not just comprehends the mental and physical nature of a man in wellbeing yet in addition to know the weakness to illnesses which aid advancement of wellbeing, avoidance and cure of maladies. It might likewise be specified that Ayurveda framework fundamentally goes for treating the reason for the malady (and not only the indications) by distinguishing the lopsidedness of the Tridoshas (Vimana Sthana 8, Charaka Samhita, 2003).
This idea might be clarified by the methodology that an Ayurveda expert takes after taking the established case of Amavata (Rheumatoid joint pain) which outlines the principles of Ayurveda. It has been recorded in Ayurveda messages that moderately aged ladies are more inclined to RA than men. Quite, heartburn is accepted to be the essential driver of RA in Ayurveda arrangement of prescription. The point by point robotic clarification proposed for the aetiology of RA is as of now clarified in the principle content of the ms. People of vata prakriti are known to have sporadic hunger and unpredictable absorption and hence this prakriti aggregate are recorded to be more defenceless to RA and in addition more extreme type of sickness (after-effects of our investigation adequately bolster this tenet). Guidance to deal with processing and treating for heartburn is the principal treatment recommended to patients of Amavata/RA by the Ayurveda expert. Further, unique eating regimen and way of life are suggested for ladies particularly after conveyance as a measure for aversion of beginning of RA.
A moment illustration is that of Madhumeha or Diabetes. Twenty subtypes of Madhumeha are depicted in Ayurveda. Eating routine and way of life mind are recommended by the Ayurveda specialist for aversion of this regular sickness, particularly when there is family history. This for sure is not unique in relation to the present current pharmaceutical practice.
Ayurveda arrangement of prescription has a few similitudes with the conventional Chinese solution (Patwardhan et al., Ayurveda and customary Chinese pharmaceutical: a similar diagram. Confirmation based Complement. Altern. Med., 2005; 2, 465-473).
There are an extensive number of conspicuous phenotypic highlights portrayed for the prakriti sorts. Of these, the key highlights incorporate the accompanying:
Key recognizing highlights for prakriti assurance
- Thin body outline, does not put on weight
- Skin dry, unpleasant, dull composition, broke
- Hair dry and part
- Quick execution of exercises
- Variable and additionally poor hunger.
- Physical working limit less, imperviousness to illness typically poor
- Prefers warm or hot sustenance and atmosphere.
- Scanty sweat, variable thirst
- Tendency for stoppage
- Light lay down with many dreams
- Prone to nervousness, stress and misery, eccentric nature
- Medium body outline
- Skin sensitive, rosy appearance, warm to touch
- Good/unreasonable craving
- Feels warm/hot sensation
- Prefers frosty sustenance and atmosphere, narrow mindedness to hot nourishment and atmosphere
- Tendency for free movement
- Excessive thirst and sweat
- Bright eyes, rosy sclera, yellow iris, sharp entering vision
- Hair delicate, untimely turning gray, hair loss
- Intelligent, sharp memory, hot tempered, overcome, envious, forceful, charging nature
- Large, board body outline, inclination to put on weight
- Skin thick, delicate, smooth, firm, shiny, reasonable composition
- Good stamina yet moderate in physical exercises
- Deep and lovely voice
- Moderate craving
- Moderate sweat, low thirst
- Deep and sound rest
- Large eyes, quiet, stable with whitish sclera
- Hair thick, slick, wavy dim shaded
- Calm, cool, happy, neighbourly positive outlook
Mix of fundamental components principally Space and Air brings about the arrangement of Vata dosha, Fire and Water components frame Pitta dosha, Water and Earth components shape Kapha dosha in the living body.
There are particular properties of each dosha. The primary properties of Vata dosha are – dry, chilly, light, unpretentious, clear, harsh, astringent taste, in charge of developments and catabolic in nature. Pitta dosha has properties of hot, unctuous, sharp, fluid, spreading, harsh impactful biting taste, in charge of processing and digestion, Kapha dosha has the characteristics of icy, substantial, delicate, sleek, steady, vile, sweet taste and anabolic in nature (Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridayam, Sutra Sthana 1/10-12, 2003).
There are seven sorts of physical prakriti viz., Vata, pitta, kapha, vata-pitta, pitta-kapha, kapha-vata and tridosha prakriti – (blend of every one of the three doshas vata, pitta-kapha in measure up to extents), and three expansive sorts of mental constitution viz., satwa, rajas and tamas prakriti (Vimana Sthana 8/9,5, Charaka Samhita, 2003). Despite the fact that, Ayurvedic writings have clarified the trademark highlights of each of the seven sorts of physical and three sorts of mental constitution, just three principle sorts of Prakriti viz., Vata transcendent, Pitta prevalent and Kapha dominating constitution are generally taken for the examination of a man/quiet.